Text Processing

Japanese Text

Japanese characters are encoded in 16-bit, i.e. two bytes. Inside EusLisp, there is no provision to handle Japanese 16-bit character as a representation of Japanese. They are just regarded as a series of byte-encoded characters. The following code will print a Japanese character "AI" that means love in English, if you are using a terminal that can display EUC kanji, like kterm.
(setq AI-str 
      (let ((jstr (make-string 2)))
          (setf (aref jstr 0) #xb0
	        (aref jstr 1) #xa6)
(print AI-str)

In a similar manner, (intern AI-str) will create a symbol with its printname "AI".

(set (intern AI-str) "love")

Conversion functions for different character codes and Roman-ji representation are provided.

romkan romanji-str [function]

Roman-ji representation is converted into EUC coded Japanese. Numbers are converted into pronunciation in hiragana.

romanji kana-str [function]

kana-str which represents Japanese in hiragana or in katakana coded in EUC is converted into a roman-ji representation. English alphabets and numbers are unchanged.

sjis2euc kana-str [function]

kana-str coded in shift-jis is converted into EUC.

euc2sjis kana-str [function]

kana-str coded in EUC is converted into shift-JIS.

jis2euc kana-str [function]

kana-str coded in EUC is converted into JIS coding, which enters kana mode by ESC\$B and exits by ESC(J. Note that there is no euc2jis function is provided yet.

kana-date time [function]

time is converted a Japanese date pronunciation represented in roman-ji. The default time is the current time.

kana-date time [function]

time is converted a Japanese time pronunciation represented in roman-ji. The default time is the current time.

hira2kata hiragana-str [function]

hiragana-str is converted into katakana representation.

kata2hira katakana-str [function]

katakana-str is converted into hiragana representation.

ICONV - Character Code Conversion

ICONV is a set of the gnu standard library functions for character code conversion. The interface is programmed in eus/lib/clib/charconv.c.

iconv-open to-code from-code [function]

returns a descriptor for converting characters from from-code to to-code.

Regular Expression

regmatch regpat string [function]

searches for an occurence of a regular expression, regpat in string. If found, a list of the starting index and the ending index of the found pattern is returned. example; (regmatch "ca[ad]+r" "any string ...") will look for cadr, caar, cadadr ... in the second argument.

Base64 encoding

Base64 is an encoding scheme to represent binary data using only printable graphic characters. The scheme is applied to uuencode/uudecode. The following functions are defined in lib/llib/base64.l.

base64encode binstr [function]

A binary string, binstr is converted to an ASCII string consisting only of

$\displaystyle A-Za-z0-9+/=$

letters according to the base-64 encoding rule. The resulted string is 33% longer than the original. A newline is inserted every 76 characters. One or two '=' characters are padded at the end to adjust the length of the result to be a multiple of four.

base64decode ascstr [function]

An ASCII string, ascstr, is converted to a binary string according to the base-64 encodeing. Error is reported if ascstr includes an invalid character.

DES cryptography

Linux and other UNIX employs the DES (Data Encryption Standard) to encrypt password strings. The function is provided in the library. lib/llib/crypt.l links this library and provides the following functions for string encryption. Note that the $2^56$ key space of DES is not large enough to reject challenges by current powerful computers. Note also that only the encrypting functions are provided and no rational decrypting is possible.

crypt str salt [function]

The raw function provided by Str is encrypted by using the salt string. Salt is a string of two characters, and used to randamize the output of encryption in 4096 ways. The output string is always 13 characters regardless to the length of str. In other words, only the first eight characters from str are taken for encryption, and the rest are ignored. The same string encrypted with the same salt is the same. The same string yields different encryption result with different salts. The salt becomes the first two characters of the resulted encrypted string.

rcrypt str &optional (salt (random-string 2)) [function]

The plain string, str, is converted into its encrypted representation. The salt is randomly generated if not given.

random-string len &optional random-string [function]

This is a utility function to generate a random string which constitutes of elements in the random-string. By default, "A-Za-z0-9/." is taken for the random-string. In order not to make mistakes between i, I, l, 1, O, 0, and o, you can specify *safe-salt-string* for the random-string.

compcrypt input cryption [function]

Input is a plain string and cryption is a encrypted string. Input is encrypted with the salt found in the cryption and the result is compared with it. If both are the same, T is returnd, NIL, otherwise.

This document was generated using the LaTeX2HTML translator on Sat Feb 5 14:36:57 JST 2022 from EusLisp version 138fb6ee Merge pull request #482 from k-okada/apply_dfsg_patch